Lớp 10

Unit 10 lớp 10 Language Focus – Ngữ pháp Conservation

Bài học Language Focus Unit 10 Tiếng Anh lớp 10 hướng dẫn các em ôn tập điểm ngữ pháp đã học về câu bị động trong tiếng Anh.

1. Pronunciation Language Focus Unit 10 Lớp 10

Phát âm /b/ – /p/

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2. Grammar Language Focus Unit 10 Lớp 10

The passive voice (Câu bị động)

2.1. Hình thức của câu bị động

 Tobe + past participle

  • They are punished.
  • The dog is taken to the park every morning.

2.2. Các thì của thể bị động

Passive tense Structure Example
Simple present am/are/is + p.p English is spoken here.
Present continuous am/is/are + being + p.p The house is being painted.
Simple past was/were + p.p I wasn’t invited.
Past continuous was/were + being + p.p I was being watched.
Present perfect have/has + been + p.p Has Mary been told?
Past perfect had + been + p.p I had been forgotten.
Will future will + be + p.p I will be received scholarship soon.
Near future be going to be + p.p Who’s going to be invited?

 

2.3. Một số lưu ý trong việc chuyển đổi câu chủ động sang câu bị động

  • Câu chỉ có thể chuyển sang bị động nếu động từ trong câu có tân ngữ đi kèm. 
    • He wrote a letter. —> A letter was written.
    • They came late. (Trong câu này không có tân ngữ nên không thể chuyển sang câu bị động)
  • Thể bị động được dùng với các động từ SAY, BELIEVE, UNDERSTAND, KNOWN và những động từ tương tự trong câu tường thuật để tránh dùng các danh từ hay đại từ nhân xưng PEOPLE hoặc THEY
    • People say that the actor lives in New York. —> The actor is said to live in New York.
  • Nếu động từ trong câu chủ động có đi kèm với giới từ và một tân ngữ thì giới từ trong câu phải đứng ngay sau động từ đó khi câu được chuyển sang bị động.
    • People laugh at him. —> He is laughed at.

3. Exercise Language Focus Unit 10 Lớp 10

3.1. Unit 10 Language Focus Exercise 1

Choose the right form of the verbs in brackets. (Chọn dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.)

1. The children (reported/were reported) to be homeless.

2. Trees (grow/are grown) well in this soil.

3. Can English (be spoken/speak) at the club?

4. I (don’t invite/am not invited) to parties very often.

5. Many new roads (are being built/ are building) in this city.

Guide to answer

1. were reported 

2. grow

3. be spoken 

4. am not invited

5. are being built

3.2. Unit 10 Language Focus Exercise 2

Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form. (Chia dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.)

1. When they (come), the meeting (start). They (be) ten minutes late.

2. He (stand) in front of a large audience. He (photograph) by many journalists now.

3. The students (tell) about the changes of their timetable yet?

4. At that time the table (lay) and I (decide) not to come in.

5. Where these young coconut trees (plants)?

Guide to answer

1. came – had started – were

2. is standing – is being photographed

3. Have … been told

4. was being laid – decided

5. will … be planted

3.3. Unit 10 Language Focus Exercise 3

Fill in each blank with the correct form of a verb in the box. (Điền vào mỗi chỗ trống dạng đúng của động từ trong khung.)

arrive     be     clean    meet     take     make   organise     put    prepare    serve      

 

– How was the holiday?

– Oh, it was fantastic. Everything (1) ______ so well. As soon as we (2) ______ at the airport, we (3) _______ and (4) ______ to the hotel. All the rooms (5) ________ well and fresh flowers (6) _____ on the table.

– Oh, how lovely! And what aboout the food?

– It (7) _____ excellent. They freshly (8) _______ it all in the hotel and they even (9) ________ the bread in the hotel chicken. The bread rolls (10) ____ hot every morning for breakfast.

Guide to answer

1. was organized

2. arrived

3. were not

4. taken

5. had been leaned

6. had been put

7. was

8. prepared

9. made

10. were served

I/ Change the sentences below into passive voice

1/ The cat ate a fish.

2/ Children look after their old grandparents.

3/ I saw a nice girl at the party last night.

4/ Do you like toys?

5/ We drink milk every morning.

6/ She’s cleaning the floor now.

7/ She will solve the problem soon.

8/ We’re doing our homework at the moment.

9/ Were you learning your lesson at 7 pm last night?

10/ They’ve just finished their work.

Key

1/ A fish was eaten by the cat.

2/ Children’s old grandparents are looked after by the children/ them.

3/ A nice girl was seen at the party last night by me.

4/ Are toys liked by you?

5/ Milk is drunk every morning by us.

6/ The floor is being cleaned now.

7/ The problem will be solved by her soon.

8/ Our homework is being done by us at the moment.

9/ Was your lesson being learned by you at 7 pm last night?

10/ Their work has just been finished.

II/ Change the sentences below into active voice

1/ The tree is being planted in the garden by her father now.

2/ A small house has just been built here by the builders.

3/ The book was written by that famous author.

4/ You will be helped by your teacher.

5/ A rat is being chased by my cat.

6/ We are taught English by Mr. Nguyen.

7/ The lesson is now being explained by Ms. Hoa.

8/ A big hole was dug in the yard by her brother.

9/ Milk will be made by the waitress.

10/ A small package was sent to me last week.

Key

1/ Her father is planting the tree in the garden now.

2/ The builders have just built a small house here.

3/ That famous author wrote the book.

4/ Your teacher will help you.

5/ My cat is chasing a rat.

6/ Mr. Nguyen teach us English.

7/ Ms. Hoa is explaining the lesson now.

8/ Her brother dug a big hole in the yard.

9/ The waitress will make milk.

10/ Someone sent a small package to me last week./ Someone sent me a small package last week.

Bài tập trắc nghiệm Language Focus Unit 10 Lớp 10

Như vậy các em vừa xem qua nội dung bài ôn tập ngữ pháp Language Focus Unit 10 tiếng Anh lớp 10, để củng cố nội dung bài học ngữ pháp mời các em tham gia thực hành Trắc nghiệm Unit 10 lớp 10 Language Focus

  • Câu 1:

    Choose the word or phrase – a, b, c, or d – that best completes the sentence.

    ‘Would you like ……….. lunch with us?’ `Yes, I’d love to.’

    • A.
      have
    • B.
      to have
    • C.
      having
    • D.
      had
  • Câu 2:

    ‘Ms. Jones, please type those letters before noon’.

    ‘They’ve already ……….. sir. They’re on your desk.’

    • A.
      typed
    • B.
      been typed
    • C.
      being typed
    • D.
      been being typed

Câu 3-5: Mời các em đăng nhập xem tiếp nội dung và thi thử Online để củng cố kiến thức về bài học này nhé!

Hỏi đáp Language Focus Unit 10 Lớp 10

Trong quá trình học tập nếu có thắc mắc hay cần trợ giúp gì thì các em hãy comment ở mục Hỏi đáp, Cộng đồng Tiếng Anh Trường Cao Đẳng Sư Phạm Hà Nội sẽ hỗ trợ cho các em một cách nhanh chóng!

Chúc các em học tập tốt và luôn đạt thành tích cao trong học tập!

Đăng bởi: Trường Cao Đẳng Sư Phạm Hà Nội

Chuyên mục: Giáo Dục Lớp 10

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